Global Issues and Health Trends in Health Care: Disease Burden Assessment

The critical element required in the assessment of disease is a measurement tool. According to Hyder (2000), measuring elements include; measures of mortality, demographic measures, disability, disease burden, projections and measures of morbidity. Choosing various levels of analysis, such as age, sex, with probable cause in a specific subpopulation has to be considered (World Health Report Global Burden of Disease, 2003). Obtaining extensive data estimates in low and middle –income countries are documented to be the major source of concern (World Health Report Global Burden of Disease, 2003). These are demographic data, mortality, morbidity, variables, and checking data.

Indicators of Disease Burden
According to Michael, Robert, and Anne (2012) composite indicators such as HeaLYs and DALYs, are evolving to be important tools since they assist in health-related decision-making such as infant and maternal health.  Data generated can be used to define the varied socioeconomic attributes of vulnerable groups, equity in cost effective health care decision-making and country comparison in national reports, as opposed to traditional forms. While, on the contrary, traditional measures are not tedious in record keeping, Michael et al.. (2012) argues that composite indicators clue successful ongoing programs.

Strategies for preventing AIDS in Sub-Saharan Countries
Mbizvo and Basset (n.d) assert that the Sub-Saharan countries have patriarchal structures benefiting males more. Thus, they have remained passive and non- participatory. Reproductive health information dissemination is through the five SAFE steps documented by (Centre for Disease Prevention and Control [CDC], n.d ). Includes prevention of intensive services, providing prevention case management and promoting community-level interventions. As a community leader, provision of small group counseling, provision of HIV/ AIDS prevention messages and encouragement of voluntary counseling will be the key areas of jurisdiction. These two strategies differ in their functionality. Local implement directives are often given from a higher level for implementation locally.

Cultural beliefs associated with HIV/AIDS
As a leader, promote cultural beliefs that are consistent with AIDs prevention strategies while doing away with those promoting unsafe practices.

Hyder, A and  A., Rotillant, G. (1998). Measuring the Burden of Disease: Healthy life years. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 196-202.
World Health Report Global Burden of Disease. (2003). 21 January, 2015 Retrieved from
Mbizvo, M, T and Basset, M, T. Reproductive Health and AIDS Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case for Increased Male Participation. 21 January, 2015. Retrieved from
: Centers_for_Disease_Control_and_Prevention. (n.d.). 21 January, 2015. Retrieved from
Robert, B., Anne, J, M. (2012). Global Health. 3rd Edition. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.