The Global Civil Society is the concept that continues to elicit mixed reactions. Scholars disagree on the appropriate definition of the concept while others challenge the existence and eligibility of the concept. Governments and marketers face the challenge of balance public interest and implementing their policies (Bennet, 2006). The Global Civil Society plays the role of policing such issues in a bid to ensure that governments and marketers consider the society first. In accordance, Global Civil Society is an indispensable tool in the global politics. It defines the politics by trying to improve on the policies of various governmental organizations. That is they ensure state and marketers address issues that are of global importance. Global Civil Society operates in the space that is beyond the influence of the state and markets.
Technological advancement in the world is advancing the development of communication technology. Studies indicate that individuals are able to communicate regardless of their geographical locations (Pianta, 2003). This has been leading to assemblage of persons from the entire globe. This assemblage is what professionals refer to Global Civil Society. Researchers indicate that such organizations operate beyond the reach of the national governments from various areas. They are new and autonomous organizations. Studies indicate that, despite the initial belief that such communities were only in the western countries, there is sufficient evidence that they span the entire world (Burawoy, 2004). In addition, research indicates that Global Civil Society is taking shape and the future of the old national system is not clear. The organization is in its infant stages and currently promotes the virtue of open-mindedness, but the success of the group will depend on its ability to promote democracy. In addition, its ability to invest in universal values will also determine its success.
Global Civil Society claims to have an understanding of the concept of globalization from the point of view of ordinary persons. There are various proposed meanings of global civil society, but the undisputable fact is that it is a description of global contractedness and civil actions. Some of the contentious issues that exist in the understanding of the global civil society concept is the query of whether to include nonprofits and nonpolitical organizations. Many scholars, however, agree that Global Civil Society is an institution encompassing social life space that lies beyond nations and markets. While actors in the markets focus on maximization of profits, states concentrate on management of policies and regulations, and civil societies have the motivation of promoting emotional and practical needs.
The changing international ties are leading to an increasing number of persons whose interest is to have transnational ties outside markets and nations. Global civil society concentrates on issues that are transnational, and rely on various forms of communication, identity and communications that transcend state boundaries (Tarrow, 2001). In accordance to this, there is evidence that global civil society is a space that persons can act and organize themselves in a collective manner across state borders and pursue common aims (Burawoy, 2004). Many political leaders of the world prefer soldiers and taxpayers that will not challenge their authority. On the other hand, marketers prefer having workers that are compliant and help them improve upon their profits (Schulte, 2006). In addition, the influence of marketers facilitates them to influence the formulation of policies that favor companies at the expense of workers. This is an indication of the controversy and opposition that the concept of global civil society generates.
Improvement of global governance is one of the central roles of Global Civil Society. There has been an increase in the issues concerning balancing direct democracy and representation in the world (Tarrow, 2001). Global Civil Society does capitalize on such issues, and questions the effectiveness of a number of political configurations. There are a number of ways that global civil society contributes to the improvement of the global politics. It seeks to promote accountability and transparency using methods such as pressurizing international bodies such as the World Bank and the United Nations. They also provide a number of competitive ideologies and information that leads to quality decision-making and debates worldwide. In an example, scientists that are more than 500 continue to provide the intergovernmental panel on climate change with quality options for policies. In accordance, Global Civil Society affects globalization politics by giving a voice to issues requiring a public policy that spans globally.
Global Civil Society is a fundamental aspect of the global politics. Global civil society concerns the space that is beyond the scope of markets and nations (Burawoy, 2004). A portion of scholars indicates that it is difficult to locate demographically the organization while other state their concentration is in western countries. Despite these controversies, the intentions of the society are explicit (Schulte, 2006). It intends to promote implementation of global policies that affect normal persons. The achievement of this is through promotion of accountability, transparency, and compassion among decision makers. In accordance, they provide a pool of credible and quality options for policy makers globally. This has the meaning that they affect the operations of organizations such as United Nations and the World Bank.
Bennet, W. (2006). Social Movements beyond borders. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Burawoy, M. (2004). The World needs Public Sociology. California: SAGE.
Pianta, M. (2003). Parrallel Summits of Global Civil Society. London: Sage.
Schulte, J. A. (2006). Globalization. Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Tarrow, S. (2001). Contentious Politics in a Composite polity. Boulder: Rowland & Litttlefield.